65-45-12X Ductile Iron
65-45-12X is an all-purpose grade of ductile iron available in larger sizes of rounds and rectangles/squares. With medium strength and ductility, 65-45-12X can be a suitable alternative to low and medium carbon steels. A predominantly ferritic matrix allows for it to be machined as opposed to steels and pearlitic irons, and it is appropriate for applications necessitating fatigue strength and ductility. Download the 65-45-12X Ductile Iron Product Brief, or X Products for all X grades.
The microstructure consists of Types I & II nodular graphite as defined in ASTM A247. The matrix is ferrite with approximately 5–25% pearlite. The edge or rim will have a higher nodular count and will be mostly ferrite. Chill carbides will be less than 5% in any field at 100x and will be well dispersed.
100x, etched in 5% Nital
100x, etched in 5% Nital
Heat Treat Response
Dura-Bar 65-45-12X can be heat treated by conventional methods. Hardening can be accomplished by heating and quenching the material from 1600° F resulting in Rockwell C hardness up to 50 HRC. Induction and flame hardening can be performed but may require an additional pre-heat treatment to accomplish the desired hardness and microstructure.
Size Range:1.500" to 26.560"
As-cast round bars are made to clean up at the nominal size. Additional stock is added to allow for out-of-round and normal imperfections in the as-cast surface. Stock allowance is a function of the bar diameter - see Stock Allowances for details. Other finishes available are Centerless Grinding and Centerless Turning, for demanding tolerance applications.
Size Range Rectangles:17.000" x 30.000" to 20.000" x 25.600"
Size Range Squares:15.354" x 15.534" to 21.000" to 21.000"
As-cast rectangles and squares are made to the actual size with no allowance for machine stock added. Rectangles and squares are cast to actual dimension, with clean up stock dependent on the height and width ratio. See Stock Allowances for details. Rectangles and squares can be milled to achieve close tolerance benefits - see Services/Milling for details.
Magnesium is added as an inoculant to produce nodular graphite.
Hardness properties listed are minimum and maximum across the bar. For rectangles and squares the hardness properties will depend on minimum and maximum section thickness and will be supplied on request.
Tensile strength is determined from a longitudinal test specimen taken from mid-radius of the as-cast bar.
|Tensile strength psi (min)||65,000|
|Yield strength psi (min)||45,000|
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